How did they do it? That’s the first question anyone asks when they see a friend or colleague who’s lost a lot of weight, or remade their body into a healthier, leaner version. How did they do it?
Well, it’s no mystery. In fact, one of the most important and intriguing studies ever conducted was put together by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) back in 2006. This is our tax dollars at work, and I’d say we got our money’s worth.
The pages of the study—its catchy title is “Dietary and Physical Activity Behaviors Among Adults Successful at Weight Loss Maintenance”—take all the world’s weight-loss theories and compare them to what works for real people in the real world. It looked at people who won the fat war by losing at least 30 pounds and then keeping the weight off using strategies that will work for you, too.
Keep in mind: It wasn’t a 100 percent success story. The CDC studied 2,124 people, and only 587 of them actually lost the weight and kept it off. But those who succeeded used many of the same strategies, the strategies outlined here.
And for even more ways to revolutionize your diet and get lean for good, check out The Lean Belly Prescription by Dr. Travis Stork. It’s filled with simple strategies that will help you lose weight the same way you gained it: By making easy lifestyle choices that will transform your life—for the better.
Pay Attention to What You Eat
Mindless eating is excessive eating. Researchers at the University of Massachusetts discovered that people who watched TV while they ate consumed nearly 300 more calories than those who dined without an eye on the tube. You need to pay attention to the messages your stomach is sending to your brain; if the TV is blaring, you won’t see the “slow” and “stop” signs.
Fast eaters become fat people. If you consciously stop to take a breath between bites, you can cut your food (and calorie) intake by 10 percent, according to researchers at the University of Rhode Island. Special bonus: You can do this in social situations—Thanksgiving dinner at Aunt Marge’s—and nobody will even notice. That is, until you show up next year minus 20 pounds of flab.
I Said Slow Down!
It takes 20 minutes for the news that you’ve had enough to eat to travel from your gut to your brain. The reason: Hormones that trigger the “I’m full—stop!” sensation are at the end of your digestive tract, and it takes a while for digested food to reach there. If your mouth is filled with conversation, it won’t be so full of food. Talk more between bites, and weigh less when the conversation/meal is over.
Beware the “Healthy” Menu
If you order the stuff that’s supposed to be good for you, you’re likely to underestimate a meal’s calorie total by more than a third, according to a study in the Journal of Consumer Research. The restaurants know that; now you do, too. So be especially aware when ordering “healthy,” and make sure you have a “to go” box handy to carry leftovers home.
Beware the Community Chest
Always serve snacks in a bowl or dish, and put away the packages. Never eat from the bag or container. That way you won’t ever eat an entire bag of something in a single sitting.
Lean-Belly Strategy #6
Beat Hunger with Your Mind
Have a craving even though you ate just an hour ago? Before you indulge your mystery hunger, here’s how to test whether your appetite is real or not: Imagine sitting down to a large, sizzling steak. If you’re truly hungry, the steak will sound good, and you should eat. If the steak isn’t appetizing, it means your body isn’t actually hungry. You might be bored, or thirsty, or just tempted by something you don’t need. Try a change of scenery: Researchers at Flanders University in Australia found that visual distractions can help curb cravings.
Redecorate, Repack, Remember
If you don’t have a countertop fruit bowl, buy one so you can grab a peach, banana, pear, or other piece of fruit on your way out the door in the morning, to munch on during your commute. (Plus, it’s fun to throw the core out the window.) Plan a 10 a.m. apple-a-day break. Toss an orange in your briefcase to help you past the mid-afternoon lull (otherwise known as Temptation Time). Make fruit part of your entourage, and it will beat up lesser foods.
If You Can’t Bear to Eat Vegetables, Drink Them Instead
That’s right, you could have had a V8—as long as it was the low-sodium variety. It has pureed tomatoes, beets, carrots, celery, spinach, lettuce, parsley, and watercress, and 8 ounces supplies two of your five recommended daily servings of vegetables. It also heats up nicely as a base for soups.
If You Can’t Bear to Eat Vegetables, Hide Them in Your Pasta Sauce
And no, neither you nor the kids will notice. Using a fine grater on your food processor, grate 2 cups total of onions, garlic, carrots, beets, and zucchini (or any combo thereof), then sauté the microscopic vegetable bits in a tablespoon of olive oil. Add 4 cups of basic marinara sauce and simmer to an anonymous tomato flavor.
If You’re Not Yet Drinking Smoothies, Why Not?
Have you read the label of your fruit juice? Lots of sugar (however “natural” it is) and not much fiber, which means it’s a carb bomb when it hits your bloodstream. Not so with a blended smoothie, because ingredient number one is whole fruit, making the sugar content drop and the fiber climb.
Two tips: Use frozen fruit; buy it by the bag in your store’s freezer section. And buy a wand mixer and a small pitcher so you can mix your smoothie in the same container you drink it from; it’s much easier than washing out a blender. Almost any fruit-and-berry combo will do, but you can start with this recipe: 1/2 cup frozen blueberries, 1/2 banana (peeled ones freeze well), 2 tablespoons peanut butter, 2 tablespoons whey powder (it’s in the supplements aisle in the grocery store), 1 cup 2% milk, and 1 cup water.
Buy Smaller Dishes
According to the food scientists at Cornell University, people tend to eat as much food as will fit on their plates. That’s where “duh!” overlaps with dangerous. Over the past 100 years, our plates have grown, decade by decade. And we also know that the nation’s obesity rates have grown exponentially in that time as well. No, it’s not a coincidence. If you dine off of smaller plates, you’ll grow smaller, too. Shoot for 9 inches in diameter, and you’ll be on your way.
Drink out of Skinny Glasses
As have gone dinner plates, so have gone drinking glasses. And if you fill the newly cavernous ones with any kind of sweetened beverage, you’ll overindulge in calories. But here’s a smart tip: We tend to gauge our drink sizes by how tall, not how stout, our drinking glasses are. So if you buy tall, skinny ones, you’ll think you’re drinking more even though you’re drinking less.
Never Eat from the Box, Carton, or Bag
Those same clever food scientists at Cornell did an experiment in which they gave one set of moviegoers giant boxes of stale popcorn and another set smaller boxes of stale popcorn. The big-box people ate more than the small-box people. The theory: You gauge the amount that’s “reasonable” to eat by the size of the container it’s in. Put two cookies on a plate, put a scoop of ice cream in a bowl, or lay out a small handful of potato chips on your plate, then put the container away; you’ll eat far less of the treat.
Limit the Fried Stuff
Fun fact: Fast-food burgers and chicken from KFC and McDonald’s are the most frequently requested meals on death row. It kinda makes sense. The inmates won’t be around to suffer the aftermath. Fried foods are packed with calories and salt, and that crunchy, oily coating beats down any nutritional qualities that whatever is entombed inside might have.
That said, eating one piece of fried chicken won’t be, um, a death sentence, if it’s surrounded on the plate by generous helpings of vegetables and you follow with fruit—not more fat—for dessert. What’s more, the fat in the chicken will help you absorb the fat-soluble vitamins in the veggies.
Eat the Good Stuff
Make sure your diet is filled with healthy fats in the forms of fatty fish (salmon, tuna, mackerel, sardines), fatty fruits (avocados), extra-virgin olive oil, eggs (among the healthiest foods known to humankind), and healthy-fat snacks (nuts are nutritional powerhouses and keep you feeling full). I even give bacon in moderation a green light; at only 70 calories per strip, it carries big flavor and belly-filling capabilities.
Wear Your Milk Mustache with Pride
Milk, yogurt, cottage cheese, and cheeses all contain slow-to-digest protein and healthy fat, so they can be excellent belly fillers. And studies have suggested that the calcium in dairy products may aid weight loss. Make them part of your diet and you’ll find the cow elbowing aside lesser members of the food kingdom.
Eliminate Sweetened Beverages
If you’re going to follow only one piece of advice in this article, make it this one. I’ve said it before, but it’s worth repeating: Drinks with added sugar account for nearly 450 calories per day in the average American’s diet. That’s more than twice as much as we were drinking 30 years ago. If you’re looking for a way to cut unnecessary daily calories to help you lose a pound a week, wean yourself from the overload of sugar-sweetened carbonated beverages.
No, artificially sweetened sodas are not okay. Even if they have few calories or no calories, they maintain or increase your taste for highly sweetened foods, so you seek out the calorie payload elsewhere. Worse yet, they crowd out the healthy beverages. My prescription: Out with the bad, in with the great—in taste and nutrition.
Reduce Your Intake of High-Carbohydrate Foods
As I’ve mentioned, simple carbs enter your bloodstream as sugars and are likely to be stored as fat when you’re inactive. They also set off a binge/crash cycle that can give your appetite the upper hand and have you reaching for the doughnut tray and candy bars throughout your day. To rein in your appetite, limit your simple carbs found in sugary drinks, processed foods, and refined breads (i.e., whole-wheat bread carbs good, white bread carbs bad; strawberry carbs good, strawberry-flavored candy carbs bad).
Reduce Your Intake of Food Prepared Away From Home
When you let somebody else prepare your food—especially if it’s a teenager in a paper hat—you lose control over what you eat. And the fast-food companies, being what they are, encourage all of your worst eating habits by stuffing their products with crave-inducing ingredients like unhealthy fats, sugar, and salt. If you can stay out of the drive-thru, you can shrink your calorie intake every day.
Keep a Food Diary
Clearly, this weight-loss technique isn’t for everybody. It’s a hassle to write down every little thing you eat, day after day. But it’s strikingly effective for those who do it. My advice: Try it for a week so you can get a handle on how many sodas you drink and under what circumstances, when you’re most likely to veg out with a bowl of chips in front of the TV, and when your dessert cravings strike. That will help you identify your dietary danger zones and lead you to strategies that save pounds.
But it wasn’t just dietary changes that helped all those folks lose all that weight. Becoming active was another enormous factor in leading the successful losers into the promised land of the lean (but not hungry): exercising for 30 or more minutes per day, and adding physical activity to daily routines. Clearly, these are Lean Belly Prescription kind of people. And that provides a great segue to talking about the activities that these “successful losers” used to shed fat and keep it off .
Here’s why it’s so important to keep both healthy eating and exercise going as your one-two punch against belly fat. A study published in the Journal of Applied Physiology reported that when people chose healthier foods and combined that benefi t with exercise, they torched 98 percent of their weight directly from their fat stores. People who changed their diets alone were much more likely to break down muscle for fuel, and that’s a big problem. Muscle is one of your prime metabolism boosters, so it will help you burn fat for up to 24 hours after a workout. So let’s tackle the activity list, and give you strategies to make the most of it.
Walk for Exercise
I consider that great news. Is there a simpler exercise than walking? Is there a better way to incorporate talking with friends and loved ones into your fitness plan? Is there anything else that gets you out among your neighbors at a pace that lets you say hello? And is there anything that makes your dog happier than your saying the magic word walk?
A study from the University of Prince Edward Island in Canada (a lovely place for a walk, mind you) found that largely sedentary people who wore a pedometer for 12 weeks increased their total steps by 3,451 a day, to about 10,500. By walking more, they also lowered their resting heart rates, BMIs, and waist measurements. Once you start paying attention to footsteps, you’ll find ways to bank the extra strides. Thirty here, 300 there, 1,000 after dinner, and suddenly you’re walking away from your old weight. Why not start right now? The closer you pay attention, the more you’ll walk. And the more you walk, the greater the temptation will be to mix in an even bigger calorie burner: running.
I suspect that for 81 percent of you, the picture that just flashed in your mind was of a no-neck Bulgarian weight lifter straining as he hoisted a steel beam over his head in the last Olympics. I know that isn’t you.
But you should still be taking advantage of the weight lifter’s advantage: Muscle is the all-night convenience store of fat burning—it never shuts down. Not only do you burn a ton of calories while you’re actually exercising, but there’s also a big afterburn effect that kicks in. Your body has to expend energy to cool you down and repair the small tears in muscle fibers that happen when you lift. (Don’t freak out. If you lift reasonable-size weights, you won’t tear muscles, you’ll just push the muscle fibers hard enough to make them grow.)
Believe it or not, “none of the above” is a legitimate option when it comes to physical activity, because there’s nothing magical about running or weight lifting or even walking. They’re just the most common activities people choose in order to add more activity to their days. The only one that’s important to you is one that a) you enjoy, b) fits into your life well enough that you can do it most days, and c) allows you to up your energy expenditure.
You can do that by adding three 15-minute walks to your day or by scheduling 2-hour bike rides on weekends. Or simply by walking more, standing more, lifting more, and sitting less.
Just look at your whole day as an opportunity to make the smart choices that will help you lose weight and feel better. Achieve that, and where might you be next month? Or next year? Some place far better than where you are today!
Copy and paste the code below to share this infographic on your site:
<a href=”http://www.networx.com/article/10-signs-you-are-truly-happy” title=”Networx Infographic – 10 Signs of True Happiness”><img src=” http://www.networx.com/media/960×3400/art_4fe9e08cd3b44.jpeg” alt=”10 Signs of True Happiness – Networx” width=”500″ border=”0″/></a>
This month’s video clip from The Dr. Oz Show, “Trim the Holiday Fat,” offers tips on how to stay healthy during the holiday season.
UnitedHealthcare posts video clips each month featuring Dr. Mehmet Oz, a renowned physician, bestselling author and host of The Dr. Oz Show, which airs daily on TV stations across the United States. The clips focus on achieving or maintaining a healthy weight, heart health, exercise and healthy eating, and can be easily shared by copying and pasting the Web link into an email or Web browser. Each clip will be available online on uhc.com and Source4Women.com for six months.
These video clips are part of UnitedHealthcare’s commitment to work with Dr. Oz to support health and wellness topics on his show. Access DoctorOz.com and click on “Local Listings” to find out when and on what station The Dr. Oz Show airs in your area.
The Valley Schools Employee Benefits Trust (VSEBT) has teamed up locally with UHC to bring this and other information to all of their member organizations, employees and families. Thank you to Sheri Gilbert of Valley Schools for this information.
Acupuncture Effective for Pain Reduction
About 3 million Americans visit acupuncturists each year, most of them for the relief of chronic pain. Now a new study shows the relief they get may be modest—but real. The study is a review of previous acupuncture studies that compared the ancient Chinese practice to standard pain care or to sham acupuncture. In the latter, patients are needled in a manner different from (or at spots on the body not tied to) traditional acupuncture. The researchers found that people who got acupuncture ended up having less pain than those who didn’t receive it. And the result was similar among different sources of pain, whether it was chronic back and neck pain, osteoarthritis, or headache. In the end, their results translate to about 30% less pain compared to people taking pain medications and other standard treatments for pain.
An editorial published alongside the study estimates that 60 such reviews on acupuncture had been done already. What sets this study apart from earlier efforts was the ex-Acupuncture Pain Relief Is Real, Researchers Say:
Researcher Andrew Vickers, PhD, says that the study took six to seven years to complete and involved about 40 people, including pain management specialists, acupuncturists, patient advocates, statisticians, and other experts from the U.S. and Europe.
“This was a very, very large collaboration,” says Vickers, a researcher with Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York. “And we did the most rigorous work we could do.”
Vickers and his colleagues reviewed nearly 1,000 studies. In the end, they selected 29, which he says were of the highest quality. Rather than simply tallying up the results of those studies, the researchers obtained the raw data from each of them and reanalyzed all of it. By the time they were done, they had examined data from nearly 18,000 participants from the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Spain, and Sweden.
Robert Duarte, MD, says that previous studies have shown similar results to this one. “This is not something new,” says Duarte, director of the Pain Center at the Cushing Neuroscience Institute in Great Neck, N.Y. “The significance of this study is in its size.” Duarte has practiced acupuncture for 19 years. He says that a good number of his patients benefit from it. Because there are limited options for pain management, even small amounts of relief are welcome. “It’s better than nothing, and that is something,” says Duarte. “Even a modest benefit from acupuncture may lessen the need for medication and decrease the risk of side effects from medications and other interventions.”
According to the study, acupuncture showed a small but noteworthy advantage over sham acupuncture. That led the authors to conclude that there is a benefit beyond the placebo effect. However, the modest differences between real and fake acupuncture—and the fact that sham acupuncture showed better results than standard care raise questions about what is actually at work when a patient is stuck with a needle.
“These effects may be real relief,” says Rick Hecht, MD, research Director at the Osher Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. “There may be active ingredients that are still there even though the needles are not going into specific points and specific depths. What is doing it, you can’t tell, though other research is being done to break down the issue.” Hecht was not involved in the study.
To Duarte, the fact that sham acupuncture shows benefits indicates that “sham” may be misleading. “The word ‘sham’ implies it is a sham, but it may be beneficial,” he says. “Maybe the traditional acupuncture points are not as important as once thought.”
Reprinted from the December 2012 Wellstyles Newsletter produced by the Valley Schools Employee Benefits Trust (VSEBT)
Tossing and turning all night can make you less appreciative towards your partner in the morning, new research suggests.
A new study on how sleep affects relationships finds that when one partner comes up short on sleep, the other may feel unappreciated.
Researchers from University of California, Berkeley, say that sleep deprivation can leave couples “too tired to say thanks” and can make one or the other partner feel taken for granted.
“Poor sleep may make us more selfish as we prioritize our own needs over our partner’s,” says Amie Gordon, a UC Berkeley psychologist and lead investigator of the study. She presented the findings Saturday, January 19, at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychologists in New Orleans.
“You may have slept like a baby, but if your partner didn’t, you’ll probably both end up grouchy,” Gordon adds. She also noted that for many couples, nighttime can turn into a battleground due to snoring, sheet-tugging or one partner reading while the other tosses and turns.
To reach her findings, Gordon recruited more than 60 couples, ranging in age from 18 to 56. Subjects kept a diary of their sleep patterns and feelings toward their partner. In one experiment, couples were videotaped while performing a problem-solving task. Those who slept badly the night before showed less appreciation for their partner.
A solution to keep the peace? “Make sure to say to say ‘thanks’ when your partner does something nice,” suggests Gordon. “Let them know you appreciate them.”
Published January 21, 2013
New York Post
Finally, a fun way to fight the flu.
A small-batch ice-cream company claims to have scooped up a cure for the worst epidemic in years — a bold new flavor called “Influenza Sorbet.”
The virus-soothing treat — made by Jeni’s Splendid Ice Creams — blends Maker’s Mark bourbon, lemon and cayenne pepper to mimic an old family flu remedy.
The dessert, which sells for $12 a pint, includes ginger and honey.
Owner Jeni Britton Bauer, who operates Manhattan ice-cream trucks, says it eases sore throats and clears up nasal passages.
“I’ve had people tell me it’s the only thing that makes them feel better. It actually does have a physical effect,” she said.
That’s likely due to a secret ingredient: a small dose of pectin, which is found in cough drops, Bauer said. “It coats your throat. It’s just what some people need,” she said.
The new treat comes after the state last week declared a health emergency, noting that the number of flu cases had more than quadrupled — from 4,404 to 19,128 — in the past year.
“It’s cute but I’d like to see the science behind it,” said Doris Bucher, who helped develop this year’s flu vaccine with a team of scientists at New York Medical College. She added, “It might spice you up or knock you out — but it’s no vaccine,” she said.
Orders have spiked dramatically in the past two weeks, she said.
“It’s not a miracle. It’s an at-home remedy — like chicken soup,” she said.
Abnormal weight gain is rightly associated with unhealthy eating habits. At the same time, there are foods that when consumed in the right amount aid in losing weight. While some of them help to avoid overeating, others keep a check on digestive system, insulin level and other things. Apart from taking weight loss supplements and indulging in weight loss workout, you must follow a diet consisting of weight loss foods. In order to help you, here is a discussion about top 10 weight loss foods you must eat.
The feeling of fullness that will restrain you from overeating can be achieved with salads. Prepare salad with the amazing constituents like cucumber, lettuce, cabbage, tomato and beetroot. This will help you consume low calories, moderate nutrients and a lot of fiber. Beans and lean protein can also be added to these preparations. Having a salad before lunch can limit your desire to consume calorie-contributing foods.
Having breakfast with oats or oatmeal can keep you full for longer, thereby helping you to resist relishing upon foods containing high calories. Oatmeal supplies good amounts of fiber and protein to the body that helps in maintaining healthy digestion. Having oats with yoghurt is also a good option worth trying.
Prefer to eat almonds as healthy snacking options. Among various types of nuts, almonds are known to have lowest calories and they can act as great fillers. Going further, they can keep a check on the blood sugar level. It is convenient to keep almonds in your bag or pocket and have them whenever hunger pangs strike. However, avoid taking salted almonds as they can cause high blood pressure.
It has been proven that having eggs in the breakfast keeps the demand of body for calories low throughout the day. Providing adequate proteins and few calories to the body, eggs can be taken in a number of ways. Hard-boiled eggs and poached eggs are equally good for participating in weight loss.
Apples are excellent sources of soluble fibers that keep a check on the blood sugar level. At the same time, they offer insoluble fibers that help one attain the feeling of fullness. As a result, this nutritious fruit makes to the list of top weight loss foods. Have an apple for snacking or prepare dessert out of them.
Sprouted pulses are wonderful health foods that contain fiber in admirable quantity. Going further, these weight loss food options are good sources of vitamins as well. The best way is to eat them in the raw form. Choose a variety of pulses like broad beans, rajma, moong and dried peas for this purpose.
Lentils can be added to salads or they can be chosen as ingredients for pasta. Whatever way you choose, lentils assist in losing weight for being rich source of soluble fiber. People with accumulated fat in the abdominal area can benefit out of them. They are free from fat and have folate and magnesium in desired amounts. You can easily skip a meal after having a lentil preparation.
The logic is simple for counting soups among the weight loss foods. Adding water to different soup preparations make them extremely filling and that too, without raising the calorie value. Broth-based soups and vegetable soups when consumed before meals can cut down the need to overeat senselessly.
Low in calories and high in vitamins and proteins, plain yoghurt should be in your regular diet plan. It can keep your blood sugar level at normal and handle your cravings to eat more than required. A tasty option is to add various fruits in yoghurt to prepare a healthy dessert.
Cauliflower lacks starch and this fact makes it a perfect weight loss food item. It is also a good source of vitamin C and folate that further participates in weight loss campaign. You can use it as a replacement for heavier foods in preparing sandwiches, soups and other preparations.
The results in the form of lost weight may become apparent in few days once you switch to healthy eating. Once you get in shape, don’t completely abandon these foods and make them a part of your regular diet.
Reprinted from Valley Schools Employee Benefits (VSEBT) Wellstyles Newsletter – January 2013
List of ‘Salty Six’ Foods May Surprise You
WELLSTYLES healthy living every day!
It’s not always the potato chips’ or the salt shaker’s fault. Most Americans get the bulk of their daily salt overload from everyday foods loaded with excess sodium. A new report
from the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association warns of surprisingly high sodium levels in the “salty six” common foods, including bread, cold cuts, pizza, and chicken. Researchers say the average American takes in about 3,400 milligrams (mg) of sodium a day, more than twice the AHA’s recommended limit of 1,500 mg. But little of that excess salt comes from the salt shaker. Experts say more than 75% of people’s salt comes from eating processed or restaurant foods.
“Excess sodium in our diets has less to do with what we’re adding to our food and more to do with what’s already in the food,” says Linda Van Horn, PhD, RD, a research nutritionist at Northwestern University and an American Heart Association spokeswoman.
Eating too much salt contributes to a variety of health problems, including high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke. It can also affect a person’s physical appearance, causing
puffiness, swelling, and bags under the eyes. In conjunction with today’s National Healthy Eating Day, the AHA is highlighting the dangers of high sodium levels in common foods.
Researchers say the following “salty six” foods are the top sources for sodium in today’s diets:
1. Bread and rolls. One piece of bread can have as much as 230 mg of sodium. That’s 15% of the recommended daily amount. Although each serving may not sound like much, it can quickly add up throughout the day, with toast at breakfast, a sandwich at lunch, and a roll at dinner, etc.
2. Cold cuts and cured meats. Deli or pre-packaged turkey can have as much as 1,050 mg of sodium. It’s added to most cooked and processed meats to reduce spoilage.
3. Pizza. One slice can have up to 760 mg of sodium. That means two slices accounts for a day’s worth of salt.
4. Poultry. Packaged raw chicken often contains an added salt solution. Depending on how it’s prepared the sodium level can quickly add up. Just 3 ounces of frozen and breaded chicken nuggets contains about 600 mg of sodium.
5. Soup. This cold-weather staple can contain a day’s worth of sodium in a single bowl. One cup of canned chicken soup can have up to 940 mg of sodium.
6. Sandwiches. Breads and cured meats are already high in salt, and putting them together with salty condiments like ketchup and mustard can add up to more than 1,500 mg of sodium in a single sandwich.
The heart association’s view on salt is not without controversy. It’s lower than the USDA limit of 2,300 mg of sodium per day for healthy adults. The USDA does call for the lower
level of 1,500 mg for African-Americans, people who are older than age 51, and people who have high blood pressure. The association defended its call for all Americans to drastically cut back on sodium to 1,500 mg, saying recent studies linking lower sodium diets to poor health have serious flaws.
Morton Satin, vice president for science and research at the Salt Institute, an industry group, disagrees with that view. He says the AHA review represents “spinning of evidence by committed advocates. The authors … have banded together for the express purpose of maligning any and all evidence that does not support the conventional salt reduction agenda,” Satin says.
But Marion Nestle, PhD, professor of nutrition, food studies, and public health at NYU, says consumers shouldn’t be confused about sodium. “The AHA paper is an example of
the mainstream scientific view: Reducing salt intake is an important public health measure. Most salt comes from processed foods; reducing salt in processed—-and restaurant—
foods is a good idea,” Nestle says.
Here are some tips to avoid salt overload:
Keep the “salty six” in mind when grocery shopping or ordering from a menu. Try having half a sandwich with a side salad rather than a whole sandwich, or limiting the cheese and adding extra veggies to pizza.
Look for sodium levels in the nutrition facts label when grocery shopping, and calorie labeling information in restaurants. Keep in mind that packaged foods like canned soup often contain more than one serving.
Nutrition information like sodium content is based on one serving, so adjust accordingly.
Look for heart-healthy foods approved by the AHA labeled with a red heart and white check mark.
As many people hit middle age, they often start to notice that their memory and mental clarity are not what they used to be. We suddenly can’t remember where we put the keys just a moment ago, or an old acquaintance’s name, or the name of an old band we used to love. As the brain fades, we euphemistically refer to these occurrences as “senior moments.”
While seemingly innocent, this loss of mental focus can potentially have a detrimental impact on our professional, social, and personal well-being.
It happens to most of us, but is it inevitable?
Neuroscientists are increasingly showing that there’s actually a lot that can be done. It turns that the brain needs exercise in much the same way our muscles do, and the right mental workouts can significantly improve our basic cognitive functions. Thinking is essentially a process of making neural connections in the brain. To a certain extent, our ability to excel in making the neural connections that drive intelligence is inherited. However, because these connections are made through effort and practice, scientists believe that intelligence can expand and fluctuate according to mental effort.
Now, a new San Francisco Web-based company has taken it a step further and developed the first “brain training program” designed to actually help people improve and regain their mental sharpness. Called Lumosity, it was designed by some of the leading experts in neuroscience and cognitive psychology from Stanford University.
Lumosity, is far more than an online place to exercise your mental skills. That’s because they have integrated these exercises into a Web-based program that allows you to systematically improve your memory and attention skills. The program keeps track of your progress and provides detailed feedback on your performance and improvement. Most importantly, it constantly modifies and enhances the games you play to build on the strengths you are developing–much like an effective exercise routine requires you to increase resistance and vary your muscle use.
Does it work?
Apparently it does. In randomized, controlled clinical trials, Lumosity was shown to significantly improve basic cognitive functions. One study showed students improved their scores on math tests by 34 percent after using Lumosity for six weeks, significantly greater gains than those made by other students in the same class, who were not training with the Lumosity program.
The company says its users have reported clearer and quicker thinking, improved memory for names, numbers, directions, increased alertness and awareness, elevated mood, and better concentration at work or while driving.
While many of the games at Lumosity are free, a modest subscription fee is required to use the full program over the long term.
However, Lumosity is currently offering a free trial of their program to new users so that you can see how well it works before you decide to subscribe. The trial is completely free (no credit card required) and the company believes the results will speak for themselves.
Click here to try for yourself.